Sunday, 30 October 2016

Edessa: Mosaics with Syriac inscriptions, families and Orphic scenes

Mosaic works stolen from Sanliurfa Province, Turkey.

Please note that DK identified other mosaics from this group, which were not reported stolen, but which turned out to be amongst the set of photographers the looters took at the site. Any mosaics in this very distinct style - Orphic scenes, Syriac inscriptions, women wearing hair piled high and covered in veils - are almost certainly looted from Edessa post 1970.



I: Abgar Mosaic; bust portrait mosaic of a woman; found in 1979 in the center of Sanliurfa in Pine Grove Cemetery Hill neighborhood.

It was published in 1981 by Drijvers. Mosaic on the bottom right female figure is below the rest of the place has been stolen. Mosaic floors and mosaic-covered floor of the burial chamber dimensions 234x278 cm. d. Mosaic shows five people in two frames. The Syriac inscriptions. It is undated. Where and by whom it is not known where the missing woman's figure. This date was not given in writing in the mosaic. II. the end of the century, III. It can be dated to the beginning of the century.

Kidnapped woman female figure in the bottom right of the tomb of the founder's mother Barsemyo dismissal. The figures are depicted from the waist up. Dismissed, many mosaics and in the sculpture Edessa women-specific head ornaments in Urfa (Kofu) in downward over the taşımaktadır.köf yellow veil görülür.azil is wearing a dress in the same color and a button holding the dress on the left shoulder.

Translation of inscription:
Son Asa're related.Manu son Abg.Barsemyo exceed his son.Barsemyo's mother 'dismissal.I was the son of Asa Barsemyo, eternity for me this house, for my children and for my brother, sir, and I did it for my benefactor Vasiliy's life.Hannan exceed his son.
 


 II: family group; from Yakubiye neighborhood in the center of Sanliurfa, known as the Forty cave was discovered by J.B.SEGAL in 1952

 triangular patterns with the outer braid motif is a band around the mosaic work. Syriac inscriptions are standing on the work of seven people. Right and early Edessa women-specific head ornaments of the left, particularly in the female figure (Kofu) are. These women are wearing red shoes. over the green and black striped dress on the far left Kofuku woman with yellow veil still covers a yellow robe. Kofuku on the right leading woman has a green veil. Dress is black striped green. Women from another (third) in the background is depicted as busts have been destroyed face. Hairstyle is different. The four men are bearded and moustached figure. Has pointed cone at the top of the male figure in most OTA, the head of the others are open. All wore long dresses and baggy. There are colored red and white fancy shoe on the foot. Mosaic in the middle portion of a large part of the work has been destroyed. Undated is probably III. It is the beginning of the century.

 Translation of the inscription:Gai resident spouse.Manu daughter Salmet.Abednahay son of a resident.Less resident son ....Oğlu'abedşemeş resident.Resident son Manu.Amatnahay resident daughter.



III: Barman my SON BARBA'ŞA the MOSAIC; found Mosaic Saladin in 1998, the center of Sanliurfa in a house in the neighborhood Yakubiye E.GÜ and Res. See. Bahattin was found by STEEL.

 Mosaic work is square shaped. frame where the figures 130x130 cm. d. Mosaic shows five people in a single frame. wave aside the order of the frame number of figurative motifs and double braid motif adorns. The edges of the 8 cm 10 cm, leaving a range of background colors framed black band-generationally. At the top of this general frame, 15 cm on the beige background. It appears similar in size and made of black stone embellishment to the well-elected two badges. In its upper part, pink background on black 2 cm to 20 cm intervals on the short side of a rectangular frame concave 4 a blur decoration gets more involved. The names of the persons depicted in mosaic on the left side of their respective owners and are written from top to bottom. Figured frame was destroyed nearly half. There female figure seen Samaan's daughter, Manu was portrayed Barkelbo son behind. Mosaic has erased half the damage in this figure. Samaan's daughter, is wearing a dark gray suit. Shoulders, chest and neck folds and shadows, leaving the naked dress in black. I have on the yellow robe. The folds of my robe and edges are light brown. Beginning carries Kofu. The veil on this topic is covered. Hair color dark chestnut (perhaps legged) are given in color. The second party is the son Barkelbo Made in Mosaic. The face is oval and black beards. Which consists of a simple title on a single piece of stone similar to Mithra with the dress in dark gray color. Dress is black shadows and folds. Barkelbo right into the hands of the chest, while his left hand is raised slightly in the state has been left down. below his abdomen was unfortunately destroyed. The party is the Barman, he is wearing a colorful orange shirt, red dress of folds and shadows. Beginning in the same color as the shirt bears a title such as miter and is depicted as a black beard. Right shoulder knotted lace dress appears. Barman to, wore clothes similar to the baggy pants. But the female figure called the girl depicted with a pink dress. Heading the title due to amber, a veil in the back part of the body and the lower part of the chest in a yellow robe on the left shoulder moves. Following the destruction of the middle part of the figure not seen arms. The beginning of the title is conical (Kofu). Hair dark chestnut color (maybe legged), poured onto the mesh and shoulder. Mosaic is the leading figure of the left Gerno, but the girl behind the left shoulder and is depicted only as the head and shoulders. over the head of the name it is written right to left. No child is understood to be the dress Gerno round collar and a dark gray color. His face is round and short brown hair.

Translation of inscription:  

Samaan's daughter.
Manu son Bargello.
Barma'şa Barman to my son.
'But the girl.
Gerno.
 




 IV: Gerno son made mosaic; found Mosaic in 1998 in a house in the center of Sanliurfa Yakubiye neighborhood Selahattin burial chamber with my son Barba'şa Barman Mosaic E. ROSE and Res. See. Bahattin was found by STEEL.

Mosaic dimensions 130x130 cm. A woman on the mosaics and there are three people, including two boys. Woman standing, is depicted in a way that the two men lying on a sofa. a thin mattress on the sofa and in two places, there are three pieces stacked pads they rest their elbows have the figures. Sofas covered with a cover on the left edge of the semicircle, while the right edge ends in an upright position. Cover, dark gray, is made up of beige and pink. Right leading party is the son of Manu Barşamaş. Barşamaş, in a situation in hand and leaned his left elbow on the sofa holds a cup with two handles. Yellow and wearing beige dress. Mitra type is wearing a hood. This title, made of beige house on top of a topaçl the ends. Barşamaş's face is oval and abundant beard. Gray and black beard that made him the oldest man in the mosaic shows. Mosaic is the middle son of party Gerno Ma'na'. Maina, the situation is depicted reclining on the couch. His right leg is broken at the knee is a little on the inside of the left foot shot. Ma'na'n down the part until the pink shirt's chest appears in a knee that does not seem to be destroyed. The color of the shirt is wearing a baggy. And has a thin face bearded head is clear. Hair color brown (perhaps legged), which is the dark gray beard. The position of the arm rests can be seen, but not because of the damage to his left elbow pads according to him. Begin in the left hand; He was holding the base of the next person to Serve the drink cups. The left leading female Ma'na'n rimay'dır.rimay's wife, is depicted standing behind the couch and probably. At the beginning, there kf. down right over the kofan seen a yellow veil. It also covers the left shoulder and chest is dressed in a robe of the same color. Rimay is dressed in a reddish dress. Boyne has a necklace made of white stone. It holds a flower in his right hand. Henna hair is black shadows and edges on the left shoulder in a way built. His face has been living in a form close to the truth in light pink color.III because the writing style and mosaic work. It is believed that the beginning of the century.Mosaic work is the Syriac inscriptions.

Translation of the inscription:


Manu Barşamaş son. 

Gerno son Maina. 
Ma'na'n Rimay's wife.



V: Funerary banquet; found in 1956 by j.b.segal was found in a rock tomb in the center of Sanliurfa Eyyubiler neighborhood. Is torn, some of the fragments were found at an antique market in Beirut.

Mosaic work of the outside yellow, a blue and red colored braid motif band. There is a strip of red tape in it immediately. Date incomplete form was given 549 years, which corresponds to 238 years. The essays in this mosaic is given in four places down from above. There are eight people on Mosaic. He opened a women's figure sitting at the right hand of the throne backed the right and the left hand is resting on the left leg with the throne. It beginning located in Kofu. There are over Kofu yellow veil. There is a pink dress on a yellow robe. The right of a male figure reclining sofas This lady is located. Left arm leaned on pink pillow and holds a double-handled cup in his left hand. Her dress is gray. The beard and mustache are a kind of title at the beginning. His right arm was extended onto the right leg. In front of him wearing the same color clothes are base figures in the hands of the bowl. She wears a baggy pink color. More recently, there are two figures in the background is seen as a bust, and both of them are yellow dress. In the background is seen standing three people. One female and two male. Female blue veil covering the beginning of the same color and body are my robe. The dress is pink. One of the male figure is a pink dress while the other is yellow. This composition is framed by black and red portions of the located on the Syriac inscriptions found in comic strips with a triangular motif on the right, but the band has been destroyed in places.Mosaic work is the Syriac inscriptions. 


Translation:(Five) face (forty) in August, nine years of my son I Barbaşa Zeydallat; I did this for myself and my children for burial. 
Zeydallat Avi's wife. 
Some Zeydallat's daughter. 
Barba'şa Zeydallat my son. 
Zeydallat Barşalmo son. 
Zeydallat son Mami. 
Zeydallat girls Z ...... 
Zeydallat son of M ......u 
Zeydallat son of my Barba.


VI: Ghawth SON BALAYLAR; found in a cave outside the historic center of Sanliurfa Samsat'ta door.

Drawings by Eutingen in 1890. Undated is probably III. It is the beginning of the century.

Mosaic work outside of the triangle motif band, the wave motif in it and if there is a band on the inside chain ornamental motifs. Ten people depicted on the mosaic-shaped bust. It is located four people in the top section. One of these men while others have female figure. Women are at the beginning of two of Kofu. It has been destroyed but the bearded and mustachioed face of the male figure. In second place is still a total of five figures is a male lady others. There are three of these in the beginning of Kofu women. At the middle part of the face was damaged but still male figure is seen that beard and mustache. This single line segment is located in Syriac inscriptions under my frame. The lowest part because of the damage should have been four people but there is only one figure in particular right. only the name of the article is incomplete figures are available. There are four frame mosaic post. The Syriac inscriptions.

Translation of inscription:

Ghawth daughter Salmet.
 Balay Ghawth son. 
Damay. 
The song. 
'Abşay kisat's wife. 
'Abşay's mother to Arhemt.
 'Abşay. 
Mag ... ..
 'Abedşuk.
 I Gavsi son of Balay; eternity for me this house, my children and I did it for my successor. 
Sudden Balay son. 
Ani's mother Salmet. 
Samay.
Balay son Barnabas.
 

VII: the Orpheus Mosaic; found in 1956 in the center of Sanliurfa Eyyübiye neighborhood, by J.B.Segal in a rock cut tomb.


539 missing letters on the date given. This date corresponds to the Gregorian 228 years.
Orpheus sits in the middle and there are instruments in his left hand. Is the dress. Head of Orpheus is destroyed. Besides Orpheus left four animals, it is located right next to one animal figures. The top three different birds on the left side of the animal, the lion is the lowest animal. Orfeus located to the right of the antelope motif. four lines at the bottom of the hold of the angels are in Syriac inscriptions.


Translation of inscription:

Orpheus.
(Five Hundred) in July thirty-nine years. I Aftuh the son of Barney, for me this eternity home, for my children and my successor, I do all the time.




VII: Zenodora mosaic;

In 1881 in Urfa were copies. as missing out on a date it was given 570, 259 Prune corresponds to the Gregorian year.

There are two figures sitting on the lap of a female child. The right arm was extended onto the left chest. There are two rows necklace on her neck. Beginning in the form of a cloth hanging down pointed hat covers your entire body. They extend the right arm holding the child in her arms on the left chest of the female figure as he did. The Syriac inscriptions.

Translation of inscription: 

(Five Hundred) in February of seventy years, (i) the eternity house did for myself. ... ..I Bar'at son 'Abednahay .......... Za'rur daughter, Bar'ata'n's wife.



IX: Phoenix mosaic; or possibly a peacock; found in the center of Sanliurfa in 1956 by J.B. Segal Eyyübiye neighborhood, it was in a rock tomb.

as on date is given by the Seleucid year 547 Gregorian calendar that money is 236.
There on a pedestal emerald phoenix stands left. It depicted a bird on a tree on the right and left. The birds they look toward the emerald-u phoenix in the middle. Tree on the right side is longer than the left hand tree. under the tree on the left side there are six rows Syriac inscriptions.


Translation of the inscription:

Five hundred forty-seven in this house eternity son Barcode Bar Shemesh (in memory), for myself and my children and I did all the time.


source: http://www.kvmgm.gov.tr/TR,44675/sanliurfa-ilinden-calinan-mozaik-eserler.html